Polio Vaccination

Polio Vaccination

How the Polio Vaccination Is Given

If you had the polio vaccination former to 2000, you may have obtained the oral polio vaccine (OPV), which was made from a live poliovirus. Whereas the live virus vaccine was highly effective at defending against polio, a few cases of polio per year were initiated by the oral vaccine itself. In 2000, the U.S. swapped to the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). Utilizing an inactive pattern of the virus that cannot cause polio, the IPV is given as a shot in the arm or leg.

Who Needs the Polio Vaccine

Most persons should receive the polio vaccination when they are children. Children should be vaccinated with four doses of inactivated polio vaccine at the following ages:

A dose at 2 months

A dose at 4 months

A dose at 6-18 months

A booster dose at 4-6 years

Inactivated polio vaccine may be given at the same time as other vaccinations are provided. Because most adults were vaccinated as children, routine polio vaccination is not suggested for people over the age of 18. But three groups of adults at a higher rate of risk for coming into contact with the poliovirus should make the polio vaccination as a priority. They are:

Travelers to other countries of the world where polio is still common.

People who work in laboratories handling samples that might contain polioviruses

Health care workers who have contact with individuals who could be infected with the poliovirus

If you fall under the categories mentioned above you should talk with your doctor about the polio vaccination. If you have never been vaccinated against polio, you should get three doses of inactivated polio vaccine:

The first dose at any time

The second dose 1 to 2 months later

The third dose 6 to 12 months after the second dose

If you have had one or two doses of polio vaccination in the past you should receive the remaining one or two doses. It does not matter how long it has been since the early dose or doses.

Risks and Side Effects of Polio Vaccination

Some people who get the polio vaccine get a sore, red spot where the shot was granted, but else the vaccine is very safe. Most persons do not have any problems with it at all. Although, the polio vaccine, like any medicine, could possibly origin grave troubles, such as a severe allergic response. The risk that the vaccine could cause any grave damage is exceedingly small.




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