If you had the polio vaccination former to 2000, you may have obtained the oral polio vaccine (OPV), which was made from a live poliovirus. Whereas the live virus vaccine was highly effective at defending against polio, a few cases of polio per year were initiated by the oral vaccine itself. In 2000, the U.S. swapped to the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). Utilizing an inactive pattern of the virus that cannot cause polio, the IPV is given as a shot in the arm or leg.
Most persons should receive the polio vaccination when they are children. Children should be vaccinated with four doses of inactivated polio vaccine at the following ages:
A dose at 2 months
A dose at 4 months
A dose at 6-18 months
A booster dose at 4-6 years
Inactivated polio vaccine may be given at the same time as other vaccinations are provided. Because most adults were vaccinated as children, routine polio vaccination is not suggested for people over the age of 18. But three groups of adults at a higher rate of risk for coming into contact with the poliovirus should make the polio vaccination as a priority. They are:
Travelers to other countries of the world where polio is still common.
People who work in laboratories handling samples that might contain polioviruses
Health care workers who have contact with individuals who could be infected with the poliovirus
If you fall under the categories mentioned above you should talk with your doctor about the polio vaccination. If you have never been vaccinated against polio, you should get three doses of inactivated polio vaccine:
The first dose at any time
The second dose 1 to 2 months later
The third dose 6 to 12 months after the second dose
If you have had one or two doses of polio vaccination in the past you should receive the remaining one or two doses. It does not matter how long it has been since the early dose or doses.
Some people who get the polio vaccine get a sore, red spot where the shot was granted, but else the vaccine is very safe. Most persons do not have any problems with it at all. Although, the polio vaccine, like any medicine, could possibly origin grave troubles, such as a severe allergic response. The risk that the vaccine could cause any grave damage is exceedingly small.
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