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Bone disease

Bone disease

What is Bone disease?

Bone disease is a condition that damages the skeleton and makes bone feeble and prone to fractures. Weak bones are not a natural part of aging. While strong bones begin in childhood, persons of all ages can advance their bone health. The most common bone disease is osteoporosis, which is distinguished by low bone mass and deterioration of the skeletal part structure. Osteoporosis can be stopped, as well as identified and treated. Low bone mass is when skeletal parts lose minerals, like calcium, that make them powerful, and as an outcome, bones become weakened and fracture effortless. Fractures to weaken bone normally occur from dropping or other common accidents. Other bone diseases include Paget's diseases and osteogenesis imperfecta. Paget's disease affects older men and women, and determinants skeletal deformities and fractures. Osteogenesis imperfecta is an inherited disorder that causes brittle skeletal parts and frequent fractures in children.


Common bone diseases


Below you can find few most common bone diseases


Osteoporosis


In this disease, our bone mass declines or bones does not get optimal allowances of calcium and other minerals and the bone structure deteriorates. A low skeletal part mass weakens the bones such that they may shatter, or can fracture easily with a fall or influence. Regrettably, there are no former signs or symptoms of this condition and often a fateful event directs to its breakthrough. Good news: osteoporosis can be prevented, identified and treated.


Osteogenesis Imperfecta


This disease is a genetic disorder that is distinguished by brittle skeletal parts that break or fracture easily. It is caused by a gene defect in the production of collagen, a protein that is required to make bones strong. Osteogenesis imperfecta even affects the skeletal parts of the inner ear and can cause hearing loss, as well as weak teeth and a bent spine.


Bone Cancers


According to the National Cancer Institute, the bone cancer disease may be due to a primary cancer disease that begins in the bone or disperses in the bone as secondary cancer from another part of the body such as cancer disease in the lungs, breast or prostate. There are some kinds of primary bone cancers such as leukemia, osteosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, Ewing sarcoma and chondrosarcoma.


Osteomalacia


Osteomalacia is similar to rickets because it is initiated by a defect in vitamin D metabolism by the body, but it affects mostly in adult persons. It is distinguished by weakening bones and abnormal skeletal part formation.


Rare bone diseases



Fibrous Dysplasia


Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a rare bone disease that can affect any skeletal part in the body. The severity of the disease covers a wide spectrum. It can affect a single skeletal part and proceed unnoticed for years, or it can affect every skeletal part, start very early in life, and result in significant physical impairment. It is initiated by a defective gene in the cells that form bone. The cause of the genetic defect is unidentified, but the defect is neither inherited from the person's parents, neither passed on to the people's kids.


Melorheostosis


With an approximated incidence of 1:1,000,000 - melorheostosis is a rare and progressive disorder characterized by thickening of the bone, furthermore influencing the junctions and overlying soft tissue and skin. Melorheotosis can outcome in severe functional limitation, comprehensive pain, soft tissue contractures (malformed or immobilized joints, tendons, ligaments), and limb, hand or base deformity. The age of diagnosis is typically based on severity of onset and symptoms.


Bone diseases in children


onset and symptoms.

 


Rickets


Rickets is a bone disease that most routinely affects children who have low levels of vitamin D initiated by poor diet or an incompetence to soak up vitamin D and calcium. This bone disease commonly happens throughout periods of fast growth when the body desires more calcium for skeletal part development. Rickets softens skeletal parts, making abnormal bone formation. Celiac disease,  inflammatory bowel disease, kidney problems and cystic fibrosis can cause rickets in children by hindering with vitamin D absorption.


Osteomyelitis


Osteomyelitis is a bone disease, generally initiated by bacteria or fungus. It can happen at any age. In children, osteomyelitis affects the adjacent ends of large, long skeletal parts, the femur and tibia in the legs and the humerus and radius in the arms. The disease can furthermore happen as the outcome of sepsis. This kind of the infection is most common in infants and young kids. Acute osteomyelitis is generally treated effectively with antibiotics if the status is detected early enough. Treatment of chronic osteomyelitis is more tough, especially when the infection hinders with a child's usual skeletal part growth. In some situations, doctors suggest surgery to remove dead bone tissue.


Bone diseases in aged peoples


Paget's disease causes skeletal parts to augment too large and weak. You can have Paget's disease in some skeletal parts of your body, but most persons have it in their spine, pelvis, skull, or leg skeletal parts. The disease may affect only one skeletal part or some skeletal parts, but it does not affect the whole skeleton. Bones with Paget's disease may shatter more easily, and the disease can lead to other medical issues. The disease is more common in aged persons and those of to the north European region. Men are more likely than women to have the disease.

   

By

Medibird

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