What is Hematuria?

Seeing blood in your urine can cause more than a little discomfort. Yet blood in urine renowned medically as hematuria, is not always a issue for anxiety. Strenuous exercise can origin blood in urine, for example. So can a number of drugs , encompassing aspirin. But urinary bleeding can also show a grave disorder.

Causes of Hematuria

The most common causes of hematuria or haematuria are:

  • Medications, for example: quinine, sulfonamides, rifampin, phenytoin
  • Prostate disease or prostatitis
  • Allergy may cause episodic gross hematuria in young kids.
  • Left renal vein hypertension, furthermore called nutcracker occurrence or nutcracker syndrome, is a rare vascular abnormality responsible for gross hematuria.
  • Ureteral Pelvic Joint Obstruction (UPJ) is a uncommon status starting from birth in which the ureter is blocked between the kidney and bladder. This condition may origin blood in the urine.
  • March hematuria - Very prolonged workout, such as long-distance horseback travelling and bicycle travelling.

Symptoms of Hematuria

The visible sign of hematuria is pink, red or cola-colored urine the outcome of the occurrence of red blood cells. It takes very little blood to produce red urine and the bleeding usually is not painful. If you are also passing blood clots in your urine, that can be sore. A lot of times, though, bloody urine happens without other signs or symptoms. In numerous cases, you can have blood in your urine that is evident only under a microscope (microscopic hematuria).

Diagnosis of Hematuria

To find the cause for urinary bleeding, the following tests and analysis play a key function:

  • Physical exams, which encompasses a consideration of your health history.
  • Urine tests. Even if your bleeding was first found out through urinalysis, you are likely to have another test to glimpse if your urine still contains red blood cells.
  • Imaging tests. Most persons with hematuria are expected to have an imaging test that perform comprehensive images of their internal body parts.
  • Cystoscopy. In this method, your doctor gist a slender tube fitted with a miniature camera into your bladder to nearly examine both the bladder and urethra.

Treatment of Hematuria

The treatment of hematuria depends on its origin. In general, persons with exercise-related hematuria do not need any remedy other than to change their exercise programs. Persons with drug-related hematuria will advance if they stop taking the medication that caused the problem. Antibiotics typically will treat infection-related hematuria. For other determinants of hematuria, treatment may be more complex:

  • Kidney stones — Smaller stones occasionally can be flushed from the urinary tract by consuming lots of fluids. Bigger stones may need surgery or lithotripsy, a method that breaks up the stone.
  • Trauma — Treatment counts on the type and severity of wounds. In critical situations, surgery may be essential.
  • p; Tumor in bladder or kidney — Treatment is determined by the kind of cancer and how much the cancer has disperse that means its stage, as well as by the patient's age, general health and individual preferences. The primary kinds of treatment are surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and immunotherapy, a kind of remedy that stimulates the immune system to battle cancer.
  • Glomerulonephritis — Treatment may include antibiotics to treat any infection, medications called diuretics that help to increase the allowance of urine excreted from the body, medications to control high blood pressure and dietary alterations to reduce the work of the kidneys.
  • Bleeding disorders — Treatment based on the exact kind of bleeding disorder. Patients with hemophilia can be treated with infusions of clotting factors or with fresh frozen plasma, a type of transfusion that presents missing factors.

Prevention of Hematuria

To prevent hematuria associated to strenuous workout, swap to a less-intense exercise program. In general, you can help to prevent other forms of hematuria by following a way of life that fosters a healthy urinary tract: Stay well hydrated. Drink about eight crystal of fluid every day more throughout hot weather. Avoid smoking tobacco, which are linked to urinary tract cancers.

Hematuria in women

Hematuria is a usual condition in women. The differential diagnosis encompasses an intrinsic renal etiology, a lower or mid-urinary tract etiology, a nonurinary etiology, systemic infection, and idiopathic hematuria.

Hematuria in children

Children who have microscopic hematuria with normal blood pressure and kidney function should have their urine checked over several months. If blood in the urine continues: A kidney ultrasound may be done. Urine should be checked for protein and may be checked for calcium and creatinine. Blood tests to determine kidney function and other tests may be performed. If all tests are contradictory and blood continues in the urine, yearly checkups should be done.




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